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Understanding skin cancer: A comprehensive

One of the most critical aspects of skincare is protecting your skin from the harmful effects of the sun, including the risk of skin cancer. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the different types of skin cancer, the associated risks, and most importantly, how to prevent it. Let’s dive in.

Understanding skin cancer

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer worldwide, but the good news is that it is often preventable and highly treatable when detected early. It typically occurs when skin cells are damaged by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or artificial sources like tanning beds.
Skin cancer is one of the most common types of cancer globally. According to the World Cancer Research Fund, an estimated 2-3 million non-melanoma skin cancers and over 300,000 melanoma skin cancers occur worldwide each year. These numbers continue to rise due to various factors, including increased sun exposure, aging populations, and changing lifestyles.

Types of skin cancer

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
This is the most common type of skin cancer. It usually appears as a pearly or waxy bump on the skin and is slow-growing. BCC rarely spreads to other parts of the body.
Via: Saint John’s Cancer Institute


Although less common than BCC and SCC, melanoma is the most deadly form of skin cancer. It typically starts as a new, unusual mole or a change in an existing mole’s size, shape, or color. Early detection is crucial for successful treatment.

Via: Healthdirect

Skin cancer risks

Several factors can increase your risk of developing skin cancer:

  • Sun exposure: Prolonged exposure to UV rays from the sun or tanning beds is a major risk factor. People with fair skin are more susceptible.
  • Family history: If you have a family history of skin cancer, your risk is higher.
  • Moles: Having many moles or unusual moles can increase your risk, especially if they are larger than a pencil eraser or have irregular borders.
  • Weakened immune system: Conditions that weaken your immune system, such as HIV/AIDS or organ transplants, can increase your risk.
  • Age: The risk of skin cancer increases with age, although it can affect people of all ages.

Skin cancer prevention

Preventing skin cancer is a priority, and you can take steps to protect your skin:

  • Use sunscreen: Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher before going outside. Reapply every two hours and after swimming or sweating.
  • Seek shade: Limit your sun exposure, especially during peak UV hours (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.). Seek shade under trees, umbrellas, or wear sun-protective clothing.
  • Wear protective clothing: Cover up with long-sleeved shirts, wide-brimmed hats, and sunglasses to shield yourself from UV rays.
  • Avoid tanning beds: Artificial UV radiation from tanning beds is harmful. Avoid them altogether.
  • Regular skin checks: Perform self-exams to check for any new or changing moles. Consider seeing a dermatologist annually for a professional skin check.


Skin cancer is a serious health concern, but by taking proactive steps to protect your skin and practicing regular self-exams, you can reduce your risk and catch any potential issues early. At The Skin People, we are dedicated to your skin’s health and beauty, You will be able to find the perfect treatment and consultation and we encourage you to prioritize skin cancer prevention as an essential part of your skincare routine. Remember, healthy skin is beautiful skin! 

Medical Dermatology

  • Acne
  • Eczema 
  • Skin cancer screening
  • Hair loss 
  • Melasma
  • Melanoma 
  • Psoriasis 
  • Rashes 
  • Scars
  • Keloids
  • Rosacea 
  • Vitiligo 
  • Warts
  • Molluscum 
  • Hyperhidrosis
  • Skin tag
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